Solar energy has achieved massive growth in the past few years as an increasing number of households and businesses slowly turn toward clean energy.
When considering solar power, you must choose between monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels. Both types differ in the manufacturing process of the silicon wafers or cells, which in turn impacts efficiency and aesthetics.
Despite the initial cost difference, the choice between these two types of solar panels depends on the homeowner’s preferences, space restrictions, and long-term energy goals.
Here’s everything you need to know.
Solar panels are comprehensive blocks made from chemical components and materials that play a key role in converting solar power into usable electricity.
Common types of solar panels include monocrystalline solar panels, polycrystalline solar panels, and thin film solar panels. While monocrystalline cells are composed of a single crystal, polycrystalline cells contain multiple silicon crystals combined together.
Monocrystalline solar cells tend to have greater efficiency in harnessing solar power as there’s a higher degree of electron mobility. On the other hand, polycrystalline solar cells showcase lesser efficiency owing to increased electron recombination.
Despite the differences, both types of solar panels offer unique benefits based on individual requirements and preferences.
Both mono and poly panels differ based on the structure and purity of the silicon used in the construction, which in turn impacts performance, appearance, and cost.
Energy efficiency levels vary between monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels, wherein:
As a result, fewer monocrystalline panels can achieve the same power output as polycrystalline panels.
Monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels tend to suit both residential and commercial applications. Both types are widely available for homeowners and businesses, but it’s important to determine key metrics to get an accurate cost.
When space is a constraint, monocrystalline panels might be a better choice since they offer higher efficiency per square metre. Due to their single-crystal structure, monocrystalline panels can generate more energy with less space compared to polycrystalline panels. On the other hand, but with ample rooftop space, polycrystalline panels can still meet your energy needs at a lower price.
A monocrystalline solar panel has a sleek black appearance while a polycrystalline panel has a multi-faceted appearance. A homeowner might prefer monocrystalline panels for a more uniform look, while others may find the blue hue of polycrystalline panels appealing.
Since monocrystalline solar panels have a higher temperature coefficient, they showcase better heat tolerance compared to polycrystalline panels. As a result, they’re suitable for extreme conditions, such as desert environments. In colder climates, both types perform similarly, but areas with more diffused sunlight adapt better to monocrystalline panels due to their increased low-light response.
When comparing monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels, it’s essential to observe key differences based on spectral response and energy production.
Even though both types of panels perform well, the choice depends on the consumer’s preferences, including budget, space limitations, aesthetics, and more.
If you can’t decide between monocrystalline and polycrystalline panels, speak to our experts at HCB Solar. Our dedicated local team will examine your unique property and help install reliable solar panel systems as per your preference and requirement.
Contact our experienced team today!